Matt Shuham

Matt Shuham is a news writer for TPM. He was previously associate editor of The National Memo and managing editor of the Harvard Political Review. He is available by email at and on Twitter @mattshuham.

Articles by Matt

Sen. Jeff Flake (R-AZ) dramatically called President Donald Trump’s press conference with Russian President Vladimir Putin “Orwellian” on Thursday, in an effort to pass a non-binding Senate resolution that’s little more than a pat on the back for law enforcement and intelligence agencies, and which was ultimately blocked.

“We saw earlier this week in Helsinki what was truly an Orwellian moment,” he said from the Senate floor. “What we saw earlier this week in Helsinki is what happens when you wage war on objective reality for nearly two solid years, calling real things fake and fake things real, as if conditioning others to embrace the same confusion.”

After congratulating the Justice Department and intelligence community for their work, the three-page resolution “calls upon relevant committees of the Senate to exercise congressional oversight, including prompt hearings and the release of relevant notes and information” on Trump and Putin’s Helsinki meeting, and “calls for the immediate and full implementation of mandatory sanctions provided for in the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act,” which Trump signed into law after overwhelming congressional support last year. (Read the full resolution below.)

“Ultimately,” Flake continued, “you’re rendered unable to tell the difference between the two and are at critical times seemingly rendered incapable of thinking clearly, your mind a hash of conspiracy theory and fragments of old talking points deployed in response to a question no one even asked. Ultimately you fail to summon reality in the face of a despot in defense of your country.”

He added later: “When the American government offers an onslaught on unreality, it puts the whole world at risk. That is the lesson of Helsinki. That is the dose of reality that hit hard. We have indulged myths and fabrications, pretended that it wasn’t so bad and our indulgence got us the capitulation in Helsinki.”

When Flake asked for the Senate’s unanimous consent to adopt the measure, Senate Republican Whip John Cornyn (R-TX) objected to it as a “symbolic act,” blocking it. Flake said he and Sen. Chris Coons (D-DE) would bring it up again in the future.

Earlier, Coons began his remarks, just before Flake’s, by saying the resolution would send a bipartisan message that “we stand with the men and women of the Department of Justice, the men and women of the U.S. intelligence community. We sport the ongoing investigation into Russian interference in our elections and we must act, and act unequivocally, to hold Russia accountable for its actions.”

“Today’s resolution is a first step, and an important one,” he added later, calling the resolution “very basic.”

“We should stand and be counted in defense of our democracy,” he concluded.

Read Flake and Coons’ resolution below:

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Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) said Thursday that he’d asked the chairmen of the Senate Banking and Foreign Relations committees to “recommend to the Senate additional measures that could respond to or deter Russian malign behavior.”

“The Intelligence Community Assessment of Russian Activities in the 2016 elections makes clear that President Vladimir Putin ordered an influence campaign aimed at undermining public faith in our democratic process,” McConnell said in a statement.

“As part of Congress’ ongoing efforts to form part of any national response to meddling by Russia or any other nation in our 2018 elections, I tasked the chairmen of the Banking and Foreign Relations Committees with holding hearings on the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, and to recommend to the Senate additional measures that could respond to or deter Russian malign behavior.”

Congress overwhelmingly supported the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, which imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea and Russia, last year.

The Trump administration dragged its feet considerably on implementing the law.

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Former White House press secretary Sean Spicer laughed it up on NBC’s “Today” Thursday morning after host Savannah Guthrie rattled off three obvious lies he pushed as a spokesperson for the President.

“Do you regret sticking your neck out for some of his more outlandish claims that were proven to be false?” Guthrie asked. “I’m thinking about, for example, the inauguration crowd size, the three to five million fraudulent votes during the election, having tapes of Comey in the Oval Office. I mean, those are three examples of things that are now known not to be true.”

“I appreciate you keeping it to three,” Spicer said, giggling.

“There could be more! There literally could be more,” Guthrie said.

“It’s a 250-page book,” Spicer responded, referring to his new memoir. “Look, are there things that I wish I could have a do over on? Absolutely.”

He added: “There are days when I stepped in it.”

Spicer couldn’t even make it through the “Today” interview without an easily provable falsehood. Earlier, he’d said “It’s very important to be clear that Russia meddled in our elections, and also clear that there’s no evidence of collusion, which the President has done.”

“He wasn’t clear at the press conference,” Guthrie hit back.

“No no, what I said though is I’m glad that he’s been clear about it. He talked about it last night with Jeff Glor and CBS; he talked about it at the Cabinet meeting the other day,” Spicer responded.

But Trump wasn’t “clear” at all in either setting. The President said during the Cabinet meeting that “no,” Russia is not still targeting the U.S. (contradicting his own director of national intelligence). A day earlier, when he proclaimed to have cleaned up Monday’s Putin press conference mess by changing “would” to “wouldn’t,” he muddied the waters further, sayingIt could be other people also. There’s a lot of people out there.”

And Trump would only commit to Glor that Putin was responsible for ordering the meddling — despite reportedly being shown evidence that this was the case in January 2017 — inasmuch as Putin “is in charge of the country.”

I don’t want to get into whether or not he’s lying,” Trump said of Putin.

Guthrie asked Spicer separately if Trump was afraid of Putin, given that he wouldn’t confront the Russian leader while standing beside him at Monday’s press conference.

“The President’s not afraid of anything,” Spicer said. “I think the bottom line is, is that, he clearly said that he meant to say something different.”

Watch below. Guthrie’s questions about Trump and Spicer’s lying begin four minutes in:

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Rep. Jason Lewis (R-MN) had a history of making misogynistic comments on his former radio show, America’s Mr. Right, CNN reported Wednesday.

Lewis hosted the show from 2009 to 2014. CNN’s KFILE team said Former Minnesota GOP deputy chair Michael Brodkorb, who is now a columnist at a local Minnesota news site, tipped off the network to several months-worth of comments by Lewis. Brodkorb covered some of Lewis’ comments in a February 2016 column, CNN noted. The Atlantic also covered some of Lewis’ comments a few months later.

CNN’s review of Lewis’ comments was damning. A spokesperson for Lewis’ campaign told CNN: “This has all been litigated before, and as Congressman Lewis has said time and time again, it was his job to be provocative while on the radio.”

“Well, the thing is, can we call anybody a slut?” Lewis opined in March 2012 after Rush Limbaugh called Sandra Fluke just that. “This is what begs the question. Take this woman out of it, take Rush out of it for a moment,” Lewis said in a March 2012 episode. “Does a woman now have the right to behave — and I know there’s a double standard between the way men chase women and running and running around — you know, I’m not going to get there, but you know what I’m talking about. But it used to be that women were held to a little bit of a higher standard. We required modesty from women. Now, are we beyond those days where a woman can behave as a slut, but you can’t call her a slut?”

“One of the reasons that the Democrats love the quote unquote female issue is because they know women vote more liberally than men do,” Lewis said in August 2012. “Now you could say in a very, very sexist, misogynistic way that, ‘well, that’s because women just don’t understand money. They don’t understand, they’re, they don’t handle finances. They’re guided by emotion, not reason. Why, that’s why they didn’t have the vote for a full century in the country.’ Well, it is true that women cast more votes for Democrats. All I’m saying, I’m not validating the stereotype. I’m married to a woman, for heaven’s sakes, but I will say this: Do not, do not pander and move left to get the female vote.”

He returned to birth control in November 2012, asking rhetorically of women who support public financing of contraception: “You can be bought off for that?”

Read CNN’s full report here.

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President Trump’s private meeting Monday with Russian President Vladimir Putin led to more confusion on the world stage last night when Fox News aired an interview, taped just hours after the meeting, in which Trump expressed fears that Montenegro could suck the U.S. into “World War III.”

Fox News’ Tucker Carlson, who conducted the interview, first brought up the country of 600,000. “Let’s say Montenegro, which joined last year, is attacked, why should my son go to Montenegro to defend it from attack? Why is that?” Carlson asked.

“I understand what you’re saying. I’ve asked the same question,” the President replied. “Montenegro is a tiny country with very strong people.”

Later, he continued, “They’re very strong people, they’re very aggressive people. They may get aggressive and, congratulations, you’re in World War III.”

Trump has “asked the same question” about whether Montenegro could pull the United States into war? Really? That’s surprising. For one thing, the White House supported Montenegro’s admission to NATO two months into Trump’s presidency. (The Senate voted 97-2 in favor.)

So what changed, in Trump’s view? There’s no record of Trump and Putin’s conversation — the President insisted that be the case — but Putin’s frustration with new NATO members has never been a secret.

I asked Fox News and the White House if Trump had asked that the country be brought up, given Trump’s strange acknowledgement that he’s “asked the same question,” and given the extreme cross-pollination between Fox News and the White House, most recently embodied in Trump’s new communications director, former FNC executive Bill Shine. The White House didn’t respond.

Tucker Carlson wanted to talk to me when he heard about inquiry. I asked why he brought the country up.

“I asked him about Montenegro because I thought it was the obvious question,” Carlson said over the phone Wednesday, after speaking off-the-record for a few minutes. “It’s the most recent entry into NATO, and we’re guaranteeing their territorial sovereignty. Maybe that’s a good idea, but I think it’s fair to ask why it’s a good idea.”

He added later, asked what he thought about Trump’s reversal on Montenegro since supporting its admission to NATO: “I didn’t think he gave a fully baked answer.”

It was a consequential answer, though, wasn’t it? I asked.

“I’ll leave that to the geniuses at Talking Points Memo to decide,” Carlson responded. “But I think that we could have — much more broadly and having nothing to do with Trump — we would benefit from a national conversation on when it’s a good idea to guarantee the defense of another country. It doesn’t seem like a decision to be made lightly, and a series of American presidents has made that decision lightly, and generations of journalists have let them do it, including me, and maybe this is a good moment to pause and think it through.”

He said he was “amazed” by the left’s response to Trump’s skepticism of NATO.

“Their first instinct now is, ‘Oh, this is under orders from Putin,'” Carlson said. “I mean, they’re morons. Like, okay, I don’t know, I have no idea what Putin said to him. But that’s not that interesting to me. What’s interesting to me is, what’s a good idea for the United States? Is this in our interest or not to guarantee the territorial sovereignty of Montenegro?”

“Why shouldn’t we have that conversation? Maybe Putin has the same view, I don’t care what Putin’s view is. What I care about is what’s good for the United States.”

Montenegro is sandwiched between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to its north, Albania to its south, Serbia and Kosovo to its east, and Italy across the Adriatic Sea to its west. Formerly joined in a republic with Yugoslavia, it was bombed by NATO forces in 1999. As a NATO member, and even before its membership, Montenegro has sent military forces in Afghanistan. 

In April 2017, the country’s NATO membership became official, with President Trump’s now-questionable support. 

The implications of Trump and Carlson’s exchange immediately caused waves. “By attacking Montenegro & questioning our obligations under NATO, the President is playing right into Putin’s hands,” Sen. John McCain (R-AZ) wrote on Twitter.

Russia has consistently opposed Montenegro’s admission into NATO, and more than that, it’s used the tiny country as an argument against the multinational alliance.

In June 2016, Russian legislators reportedly said Montenegro’s integration into NATO was “a dangerous line aimed not at defense, but at stirring of a new cold war.” A year prior, the country’s foreign minister called any NATO expansion a “mistake, even a provocation.”

Later in 2016, Russia was accused, credibly, of attempting to direct a coup in the country aimed at supporting an anti-NATO government. 

“Ask Montenegro,” a Sputnik headline blared in February, nearly a year after Montenegro’s membership began. “Joining NATO Means Fighting Other People’s Wars For Them.”

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White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said Wednesday that she was “not aware” of any recording made of President Donald Trump’s one-on-one meeting Monday with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

“Was there a recording made of their one-on-one meeting? Does that exist?” CNN’s Jim Acosta asked Sanders at a press briefing Wednesday.

“I’m not aware of one,” Sanders replied.

Democrats were critical of Trump’s decision to meet privately with Putin without any other foreign policy officials in the room. Now, some lawmakers are calling for the American interpreter present during the meeting to testify before Congress.

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Again contradicting his director of national intelligence, President Donald Trump said Wednesday that “no,” Russia is not still targeting the United States.

Is Russia still targeting the U.S.?” a reporter asked Trump in the Cabinet Room Wednesday.

“No,” the President replied.

That contradicted a statement his director of national intelligence made just days ago.

“Today, the digital infrastructure that serves this country is literally under attack,” DNI Dan Coats said Friday, a few days before Trump met privately with Russian President Vladimir Putin. Also on Friday, Special Counsel Robert Mueller indicted 12 Russian intelligence officers for the hacking, theft and distribution of Democratic emails during the 2016 election.

The “worst offenders,” Coats said Friday, are Russia, China, Iran and North Korea.

Russia, Coats said, is the “most aggressive foreign actor, no question. And they continue their efforts to undermine our democracy.”

Trump added Wednesday: “We are doing very well, probably as well as anybody as anybody has ever done, with Russia. And there’s been no president ever as tough as I have been on Russia.”

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Despite President Donald Trump’s occasional claims that he possesses exculpatory audio recordings, a former White House stenographer says that isn’t the case.

“Mr. Trump likes to call anyone who disagrees with him ‘fake news,’” Beck Dorey-Stein, who worked in the White House from the 2012 to 2017, wrote in the New York Times Tuesday. “But if he’s really the victim of so much inaccurate reporting, why is he so averse to having the facts recorded and transcribed?”

Dorey-Stein, who’s got a new memoir out covering her White House days, says she and other White House stenographers were told early on in Trump’s presidency that “we would need to keep our microphones far away from the president’s face.”

Trump has claimed at high-profile moments in his tenure that audio recordings will prove him right — without offering up the audio recordings to show for it.

In June last year, he finally admitted after a month of suspense that he hadn’t recorded his conversations with former FBI Director James Comey. Trump had initially warned Comey, after firing him, that Comey had “better hope that there are no ‘tapes’ of our conversations,” after Comey claimed Trump asked for his loyalty in a private meeting, among other things.

More recently, Trump denied that he had insulted British Prime Minister Theresa May in an interview with the British tabloid The Sun. This, incredibly, came despite The Sun publishing audio alongside its article on the interview.

“Fortunately we tend to record stories now so we have it for your enjoyment if you’d like it,” Trump claimed. “But we record when we deal with reporters. It’s called fake news. We solve a lot of problems with the good old recording instrument.”

He later apologized to May — or, he said he apologized to her — for his comments in the interview, having not produced his own audio.

“President Obama was really good at not speaking on the record unless he was speaking on the record,” Dorey-Stein said on CNN Wednesday morning. “Whereas President Trump likes to say ‘Oh, this was off the record,’ or ‘There’s no recording of this,’ or ‘We record everything.’ He’s just constantly going back-and-forth, backtracking.”

“He doesn’t often say ‘check the transcript,’ because the transcript will reveal the truth,” she added.

Separately on CNN, Dorey-Stein recalled an encounter Trump had with then-Fox News host Bill O’Reilly that she said was unprecedented in her White House service.

“[O’Reilly] went and spent an hour with President Trump before doing the interview,” she said. “I’d never seen anything like that with five years of President Obama.”

“Never during the day would President Obama use the sitting President’s time to talk to an interviewer before the actual interview.”

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The journalist who was dragged out of the press conference Monday featuring President Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin recounted the episode in an interview with TPM on Tuesday.

“They really roughed me up on the way out of the presidential palace,” journalist Sam Husseini, who was ejected shortly before the Helsinki press conference began, told TPM over the phone.

“I shouted, ‘This is freedom of the press in Finland!’ and then they threw me to the ground, handcuffed me on my arms, behind my back, and on my legs, threw me in the back of a police vehicle, and took me to the detention center where I was for six hours.”

Husseini said Tuesday that he was dragged out because of a sign he had with him that read “Nuclear Weapon Ban Treaty.”

Husseini, communications director for the Institute for Public Accuracy, was credentialed by The Nation for the press conference. He recently started attending State Department press conferences for the magazine and was an early contributor to the left-leaning media watchdog Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. 

“I was trying to find a creative way” to raise the issue, he said, given Trump’s previous comments that he’d be interested in working with Putin address nuclear weapons, despite both countries’ historic hoarding of nuclear arms and America’s trillion-dollar “modernization” of its arsenal. 

Trump said Thursday that the “ultimate deal” with Putin would include “no more nuclear weapons anywhere in the world, no more wars, no more problems, no more conflict.”

“It was a long shot,” Husseini granted.

Finnish security approached him in the press conference venue before it started.

“The sign was the only thing that they mentioned,” Husseini recalled.

He said security took him through a room filled with both Russian and American officials and then out to an isolated hallway.

“There was Melania Trump, and there was the whole delegation,” Husseini said, noting security’s route through the room of Russian and American bigwigs seemed “at odds” with any assumption that he was a protester.

“I told them I had no intention of doing any sort of protest and offered to show them the small sign in my bag,” Husseini wrote in The Nation.

It was then that the journalist led security back to his seat. The ensuing struggle — which occurred when Husseini held up his sign and tried to explain that he wanted to ask Trump and Putin about nuclear policy — was captured by the media-packed crowd:

“It started when he was heckling those of us who were in the middle of reporting and two members of the security detail confronted him about it,” CBS News’ Weijia Jiang said of the scuffle. “He came out and showed a sign that he apparently made that said ‘nuclear weapon [ban] treaty’ and that’s when this all unfolded and intensified.”

After his arrest — and after security threw him to the ground — Husseini said he was transferred to a Finnish jail, where he would wait for six hours before his release at midnight. By then, the press centers for the press conference had just closed, he noted.

“They told me that they would contact my loved ones to tell them I was safe, and they didn’t,” he said, recalling his detention. “The American consulate was doing the exact same thing to my partner.”

Referencing the billboards from Finland’s largest newspaper addressed to both Trump and Putin that read “welcome to the land of the free press,” Husseini said his experience hadn’t lived up to the ads.

“There’s a real level of hypocrisy,” he said.

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President Donald Trump on Tuesday backtracked on what was considered a major offense a day earlier, when he said during a press conference with Russian President Vladimir Putin that “I don’t see any reason why it would be” Russia who meddled in the 2016 U.S. elections.

“Wouldn’t” Trump corrected himself Tuesday, speaking to reporters from the Cabinet Room: “I don’t see any reason why I wouldn’t — or, why it wouldn’t be Russia.”

“So you can put that in,” he told reporters. “I think that probably clarifies things pretty good by itself.”

It doesn’t.

That remark was one of many in which Trump distanced himself from the conclusions of the U.S. intelligence agencies. In fact, he muddied the waters even more just minutes later on Tuesday.

“I accept our intelligence community’s conclusion that Russia’s meddling in the 2016 election took pace. It could be other people also,” he said. “There’s a lot of people out there.”

A day earlier, Trump said he held “both countries responsible” for Russia’s election interference. (He told CBS News’ Jeff Glor recently that “the DNC should be ashamed of themselves for allowing themselves to be hacked.”)

“I think that the United States has been foolish,” he said Monday. “I think we’ve all been foolish. We should have had this dialogue a long time ago, a long time frankly before I got to office. And I think we’re all to blame.”

Trump on Monday called the Mueller probe into Russian meddling “a disaster for our country.”

“I think it’s kept us apart, it’s kept us separated,” Trump said.

He also inaccurately said Monday that “the whole concept of that [Russian election interference] came up perhaps a little bit before but it came out as a reason why the Democrats lost an election.”

In fact, Russian hacking efforts were widely reported before Election Day.

The President also seemed to show some deference to Putin’s denial Monday.

“He just said it’s not Russia,” Trump said of Putin during the press conference, adding later: “I have great confidence in my intelligence people but I will tell you that President Putin was extremely strong and powerful in his denial today and what he did is an incredible offer.”

“I have confidence in both parties,” he said separately, referring to the U.S. intelligence agencies and Putin, though the two parties have completely opposing accounts of Russia’s actions in 2016.

That remark, just like all of Trump’s comments Monday aside from a single word, went unamended Tuesday.

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